By this time, Catherine was several months pregnant and gave birth to a son named Henry on 6 December at Windsor. Her husband never saw their child. During the siege of Meaux , he became sick with dysentery and died on 31 August , just before his 36th birthday. Catherine was not quite 21 and was left a queen dowager. Catherine doted on her son during his early childhood. Catherine was still young and marriageable, a source of concern to her brother-in-law Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester , the guardian of her son.
Rumours abounded that Catherine planned to marry Edmund Beaufort, Count of Mortain , her late husband's cousin. The Duke of Gloucester was strongly against the match, however, and the Parliament of —8 passed a bill which set forth the provision that if the queen dowager remarried without the king's consent, her husband would forfeit his lands and possessions, although any children of the marriage would not suffer punishment.
The king's consent was contingent upon his having attained his majority. At that time, the king was only six years old. Catherine lived in the king's household, presumably so she could care for her young son, but the arrangement also enabled the councillors to watch over the queen dowager herself. Tudor was probably appointed keeper of Catherine's household or wardrobe. The relationship began when Catherine lived at Windsor Castle , and she became pregnant with their first child there.
At some point, she stopped living in the King's household and in May Parliament granted Owen the rights of an Englishman.
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This was important because of Henry IV's laws limiting the rights of Welshmen. There is no clear evidence that Catherine of Valois and Owen Tudor actually were married. Moreover, even if they had been married, the question arises whether the marriage would have been lawful, given the Act of At the same time, there is no contemporaneous evidence that the validity of the marriage and the legitimacy of her children were questioned in secular or canon law.
Tudor historians asserted that Owen and Catherine had been married, for their lawful marriage would add respectability and stronger royal ties to the claims of the Tudor dynasty.
Owen and Catherine had at least six children. Edmund , Jasper and Owen were all born away from court. They had one daughter, Margaret, who became a nun and died young. Catherine died on 3 January , shortly after childbirth, in London, and was "buried in the old Lady chapel" of Westminster Abbey. She made her will just three days before her death. After her death, Catherine's enemies decided to proceed against Owen for violating the law of the remarriage of the queen dowager.enter
Henry VI of England - Wikipedia
Owen appeared before the Council, was subsequently arrested, and taken to Newgate Prison. Sometime after , the king their half-brother took a role in their upbringing. Owen was treated well afterwards and was a member of the king's household until the mids. He lived until , when he was executed by the Yorkists following the Battle of Mortimer's Cross in Herefordshire. Edmund married Margaret Beaufort , a descendant of John of Gaunt who had consequently a distant claim to the throne; following the elimination by war of most other candidates, their son became King Henry VII.
The wooden funeral effigy which was carried at Catherine's funeral still survives at Westminster Abbey and was previously on display in the Westminster Abbey Museum in the Undercroft. From it will be displayed in the new Queen's Diamond Jubilee Gallery in the abbey triforium. Her tomb originally boasted an alabaster memorial, which was deliberately destroyed during extensions to the abbey in the reign of her grandson, Henry VII. It has been suggested that Henry ordered her memorial to be removed to distance himself from his illegitimate ancestry.
At this time, her coffin lid was accidentally raised, revealing her corpse, which for generations became a tourist attraction. In the diarist Samuel Pepys kissed the long-deceased queen on his birthday:. On Shrove Tuesday , I to the Abbey went, and by favour did see the body of Queen Catherine of Valois, and had the upper part of the body in my hands, and I did kiss her mouth, reflecting upon it I did kiss a Queen: and this my birthday and I thirty-six years old and I did kiss a Queen. Catherine's remains were not properly re-interred until the reign of Queen Victoria.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the queen consort of England. Queen consort of England. Westminster Abbey , London. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Ancestors of Catherine of Valois 8. John II of France 4. Charles V of France 9. Bonne of Luxembourg and Bohemia 2.
Charles VI of France Peter I, Duke of Bourbon 5.
Jeanne of Bourbon Isabelle of Valois 1. Catherine of Valois Stephen II, Duke of Bavaria 6. Elisabeth of Sicily 3.
Isabella of Bavaria-Ingolstadt Taddea Visconti Beatrice Regina della Scala. Christopher Haigh , Cambridge University Press, , La main, de hand; les doigts, de fingres. Je pense que je suis le bon ecolier; j'ai gagne deux mots d'Anglois vitement. Comment appelez-vous les ongles? Les ongles? De nails. Ecoutez; dites-moi, si je parle bien: de hand, de fingres, et de nails. C'est bien dit, madame; il est fort bon Anglois. Dites-moi l'Anglois pour le bras.
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